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【同博国际英语】英语词性大揭秘
来源: | 作者:Mr.Top | 发布时间: 2021-05-13 | 1194 次浏览 | 分享到:
英语词性逻辑图



【Exercise】根据以上词性讲解,分析以下句子的词性的关系。

1. He works hard.

2. He was very frustrated, so he moved to Mexico City.

3. Like all bears, the black bear is timid, clumsy, and rarely dangerous.

4. Most black bears live alone, except during mating season.

5. These children are selected in Amsterdam.

6. He will be entirely responsible for her financial support.

7. Marriage among wealthy families were arranged by the girl’s parents.

8. Card shops, florists, candy makers, phone companies and other shops do lots of business during these holidays.

9. American black bears appear in a variety of colors despite their name.

10. The invention of the incandescent light bulb by Thomas A. Edison in 1879 created a demand for a cheap.

11. As more power plants were constructed throughout the country, the reliance on coal increased.

12. You must have been troubled by when to say "I love you" because it is one of the greatest puzzles in our life.

13. This restaurant was founded in l983 by a woman cook,who wanted to give children chances to learn to be useful to the public.

14. Hawaii's native minority is demanding a greater degree of sovereignty over its own affairs.

15. And now she is the only adult there,but her job is just to take care of the children.

16. Native demands are not just based on political grievances, though.

Consumption has become a central pillar of life in industrial lands and is even embedded


【小贴士】:

① 在一个完整的句子,如果一个名词前有a/an,或后面有s,则可确定该单词在该句中为可数名词。

② the可以加可数名词或不可数名词,所以无法从句子中直接判断该单词是否可数,需查字典确定。


1.2常见的名词形式

1. the+名词 ( the city, the people)

2. 名词+of+名词 (The patience of Jim)

3. some, most, all, a few, a little , much ,many , 数词等 ( most people, some books)

4. some of, most of ,a lot of ,all of, much of , many of, a little of, a few of 等 ( one of my books)

5. my, your, his, her, their, its, our等形容词性物主代词 (her books)

1.3 名词的搭配形式

【动词+名词 】(主谓宾结构,动词相当于谓语,名词相当于宾语)

He hasa pen.(单数) I bought books.(复数)He bought furniture.(不可数)

【be动词+名词 】(主系表结构,名词相当于表语)

She is a teacher. (单数) These are books.(复数)This is water. (不可数)

【形容词修饰名词】 (形容词修饰名词,归根到底词性还是名词)

He hasablackpen. (单数) These areimportant books.(复数)This iscleanwater.(不可数)

2.1 动词的分类

1.及物动词 (vt. 可直接+物体) I like you.

2.不及物动词(vi. 不可直接+物体,需+介词) He is looking at me.

2.2动词的搭配形式

【动词+名词 】(主谓宾结构,谓语作动词,名词作宾语)

① 动词+名词 ( He bought a book. )

② 动词+名词(通常为somebody)+名词 ( He gavemea book.)

③ 动词+名词(通常为somebody)+ to do something (He asks me to help him.)

④ 动词+名词(通常为somebody) + doing something

(His back injury mayprevent him from playing in tomorrow’s game.)

【动词+ to do something】 I want tolearn English.

【动词+ doing something】 I regretleaving school so young.

【及物动词+副词】We can put off the meeting.

【不及物动词+介词】 He is looking atthe door.

【副词修饰动词 】(一般副词放在动词的后面,频率副词一般放在动词前面)

1.He walks slowly. 2.He often cries. (频率副词一般放在动词前面)

3形容词的搭配形式

【be动词+形容词】 (属于主系表结构,形容词作表语)

1.Sheis beautiful. 2. The meeting is important.

【副词修饰形容词】归根到底还是形容词的词性

1.Sheis so beautiful. 2. The meeting is extremely important.

【形容词+名词】(见名词讲解)

4. 副词的搭配形式

【副词修饰动词】(参考动词讲解)

【副词修饰形容词】(参考形容词讲解)

【副词1修饰副词2】 1.He isvery well. 2. He speaks really slowly.

5. 介词

【介词+动词ing 】

Thanksfor calling me back.

介词短语(in,on ,through, throughout, over, by, with,for,of,from,like等)

【做状语】

In fact, he is a teacher. (放句首)

He is appealing on behalf of the famine victims. (放句中)

He lives in China. (放句尾)

【做表语】 He isat home.

【做后置定语】 The girl in redis my friend.

6. Be动词的搭配形式

【Be动词+动词ing】(温馨提示:不要看到be+doing就完全认为是正在进行时)

1【表正在进行时】 He is running.

2【不表正在进行时,表形容词】 The meeting is exciting.

(动词ing可表示形容词,此句符合be动词+形容词的搭配)

(常见动词ing作形容词:exciting, interesting, surprising, boring, tiring等)

【Be动词+动词ed】(温馨提示:不要看到be+ed就完全认为是被动语态)

1【表被动】 The air-conditioneris fixed by my dad.

2【不表被动,表形容词词性】She is disappointed atthe result.

(动词ed可表形容词,此句符合be动词+形容词)

【Be动词+to do 】

Her dreamis to be a doctor.